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Kargar Kargar (@Kargar) Pinned comment
The centenary of October Revolution is once again bringing up the debates and issues related to the greatest revolution of the 20th century.
One of the topics less dealt with in this historical reexamination and critique of the October revolution is the rare nature of the Russian working class in early 20th century, with overwhelming majority of workers being first or second generation workers; newly arrived from the countryside. And more importantly how this 'pure' working class was heavily influenced by social democratic and other types of populist, Leftist literature.
Such a combination of newly industrialized workers and an army of socialist, populist organizers is indeed rare in modern history, and a phenomenon not seen in many subsequent labor movements in other countries.

We would remiss not to recall how Marx thought about the reflexive nature of workers' revolutions and how they are constantly involved in a permanent process of critiquing themselves.

"Proletarian revolutions, on the contrary, such as those of the nineteenth century, criticize themselves constantly; constantly interrupt themselves in their own course; come back to what seems to have been accomplished, in order to start over anew; scorn with cruel thoroughness the half measures, weaknesses and meannesses of their first attempts; seem to throw down their adversary only in order to enable him to draw fresh strength from the earth, and again, to rise up against them in more gigantic stature; constantly recoil in fear before the undefined monster magnitude of their own objects—until finally that situation is created which renders all retreat impossible, and the conditions themselves cry out:
"Hic Rhodus, hic salta!"


Last but not least let's recall how he thought about the social revolutions of the nineteenth century:

"The social revolution of the nineteenth century can not draw its poetry from the past, it can draw that only from the future. It cannot start upon its work before it has stricken off all superstition concerning the past. Former revolutions require historic reminiscences in order to intoxicate themselves with their own issues. The revolution of the nineteenth century must let the dead bury their dead in order to reach its issue."


The same approach ought to be taken towards social revolutions of the 20th century, including but not limited to the October Revolution.
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