TERRA-FORMING PLANET IRAN!....PART1
An article by: Jahangir
The current climate changes across the planet means more rainfall for one and drought for the other, unfortunately, not much is understood by science and for the same reason not much is available to confront the problem.
As an Electro-Mechanical engineer, my knowledge of climatic changes is not greater than the next man, but I believe that at least with Iran, there may be a way to Terra-form the country for the better, using probably the largest project that Man has ever undertaken!.
Prior to my recommendations in how to bring about such a fantastic change into the climate of Iran, I would like to draw your attention to the United Nations report in April of 2008.
Climate Change and IRAN UNAIRAN Report April 2008
According to figures, since 1970 the earth has got between 0.8 to 1 degree Celsius warmer. This has resulted in severe droughts on one hand and floods and strong storms and hurricanes to occur on the other hand. Over the last decade, we have witnessed at least eight years of drought in Iran and neighbouring countries. The drought has severe implications, particularly in grains and cereals production. One problem that people shall be faced with will be the price of cereals. Strong storms and hurricanes, and floods, and also the rising sea levels in coastal areas are other serious problems. To confront ecological changes, the world must adopt an economy where the carbon dioxide emissions reach minimum levels. Iran and Iranian officials have no objections in this regard, because this is a view that is based on scientific evidence. Iran’s position stress’s on supporting the environmental protection conventions and the Kyoto Protocol, and Iran has on agenda long term planning for combating climate change. In the private sector, the civil institutions and groups have expressed positive reactions.
For example in a sitting in the Engineers Society Bureau in Tehran, while playing a video clip of Al Gore’s documentary on climate change, the young consultants engineers society of Iran said that these changes to the climate were 2 very important, and at the sitting it was decided for the engineers society to set some standards to fight this problem. One of the decisions that were made by the consultant engineers society was to environmentally, socially and health evaluations to be made before large industrial and construction projects were implemented, and consultant engineers must conduct the careful evaluation themselves and or projects that had not been evaluated must not be implemented. Another problem that existed was traditions and refusal to follow suit, and because our country is an old and historic country that is full of tradition, and these old traditions must be used in some of the planning. Another issue raised was the encouragement to use new energy sources and energy saving gadgets. The most important expectations of Iran from the Bali Conference are:
1- Portioning the glasshouse gas emission levels in different countries.
2- Forcing countries to use new energy sources and provide grants to countries for this.
3- Change of states grant and tax policies.
4- Provision of grants for environmental friendly projects.
5- Allocation of credit for population control in poor countries, as a means to help reduce heat and reduce usage.
6- Need to create initiatives in Third World countries.
7- Financial support for developing countries and transfer of technology to these regions.
8- Importance of the existence of developing countries’ interests in climate change programs.
None of the above address the concerns or provide solutions to the problem, they are merely conferences held for the sake of holding them.
QUESTION & SOLUTION: How to Terra-form a country using the available natural resources.
Iran can be divided into 3 regions:
1- Northern sector comprising of Caspian sea adjacent to land masses of Mazandaran and Gilan, otherwise known as Caspian Humid sector, this sector is walled by ALBORZ mountain range separating Caspian sector from the central Iran. The width of this mountain range at the least, measured is approximately 85km.
2- central Iran is comprised of all land masses between the ALBORZ mountain range and Persian Gulf .
3- The Persian Gulf region comprises of some 989 km of border with open seas.
The key to change the climate of a total mass area of 1,648,000 square kilometres of land (Iran), lies in sectors 1 and 3.
Sector 1: to release the humid air trapped in the sector 1 into the sector 2, some 85km of mountain needs to be shifted, precisely 85 km in depth and 1 km in width, it may seem to be an impossible task financially and technologically, but I believe that rather than moving such a mass, we can make the mountain to collapse onto itself.
THE WAY FORWARD!.
Six 85 km tunnels can be dug into the mountains at its lowest base with 167m separation gap, a further 3 tunnels of the same length can be dug at 30m above the base of 6 at equal distances. Once this phase of the operation is completed, the bottom six tunnels can be collapsed with high explosives, rendering the above 3 to collapse onto themselves. This will create a corridor between sectors 1 and 2, allowing humid air to flow into the south.
Nevertheless, such a corridor opens the north into the south, a further change of climate from sector 3 into Central Iran will help to draw the air from sector 1 faster.
Large 4km by 4 km basins can be created in central, arid area of DASHTE_ KABIR, where salt water from the Persian gulf can be pumped into these basins. Same, technology used in transporting Hydrocarbon can be implemented in the transportation at low cost.
The surface temperatures of 70C will naturally evaporate the water into the atmosphere without the need for the Electro-Mechanical technology, filtering most of the salt, this will allow the warm moist air to rise, changing the atmospheric pressures and allowing the humid Caspian air to be drawn into the central plateau covering some 850000 square km of land above Yazd.
Such a climate change will benefit urban living, rain falls, agriculture, increase in agricultural land mass and creation of towns and cities, to secure the future for generations to come.
I assume that the changes that follows will moderate the yearly fluctuation in the temperatures across the country from average, of 16C to 12C, providing moderate rainfalls across the regions and dampen down the sand storms currently experienced in several cities in Iran.